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Spatiotemporal proteomic profiling of cellular responses to NLRP3 agonists


Nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat pyrin-domain containing protein 3 (NLRP3) is an innate immune sensor that forms an inflammasome in response to various cellular stressors. Gain-of-function mutations in NLRP3 cause autoinflammatory diseases and NLRP3 signalling itself exacerbates the pathogenesis of many other human diseases. Despite considerable therapeutic interest, the primary drivers of NLRP3 activation remain controversial due to the diverse array of signals that are integrated through NLRP3. Here, we mapped subcellular proteome changes to lysosomes, mitochondrion, EEA1-positive endosomes, and Golgi caused by the NLRP3 inflammasome agonists nigericin and CL097. We identified several common disruptions to retrograde trafficking pathways, including COPI and Shiga toxin-related transport, in line with recent studies. We further characterized mouse NLRP3 trafficking throughout its activation using temporal proximity proteomics, which supports a recent model of NLRP3 recruitment to endosomes during inflammasome activation. Collectively, these findings provide additional granularity to our understanding of the molecular events driving NLRP3 activation and serve as a valuable resource for cell biological research. We have made our proteomics data accessible through an open-access Shiny browser to facilitate future research within the community, available at: We will display anonymous peer review for this manuscript rather than a traditional journal. Moreover, we invite community feedback on the pubpub version of this manuscript, and we will address criticisms accordingly.

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